Scientific papers may seem extremely challenging to write. The amount of research involved is vast. But then again, if you don't back up all your claims with corresponding sources, your paper will have zero value. Citations are extremely valuable because they guarantee that your paper was well-researched. Knowing the rules is not enough, and students often forget how to format their in-text works. Actually, practice makes perfect, and the easiest way to understand a format like APA is through examples. Here are some practical in-text APA samples of citations for you to follow.
1. Citing a Book
Citing a book with one author is different from citing a book with two or more authors, so you need to be extremely careful when formatting your citation. The following examples should help:
- A book with one author: Weller, T. (2013). History in the digital age. New York, NY. Routledge
- A book with two or more authors: Gray A., Bell E. (2013). History on television. New York, NY. Routledge
- An eBook: Toussaint-Samat, M. (2009). A history of food [Kindle version]. Retrieved from amazon.com
- A book taken from a database: Grubler, A. (2003). Technology and Global Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom. Retrieved from google.com
An in-text citation of a book has to include the name of the author and the publication year of the book.
- A book with one author: (Weller, 2005)
- A book with one author and a direct quotation: (Weller, 2005, p.60)
2. Citing a Journal
In-text citations taken from journals differ from citations added at the end of a scientific paper. The following examples should clear things out:
- A complete citation of a journal article: Goff P. A., Jackson M. C., Lewis Di Leone B. A., Culotta C. M., DiTomasso N. A. (2014). The Essence of innocence: consequences of dehumanizing black children. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
- A parenthetical in-text citation: It has been reported that … (The Essence of innocence: consequences of dehumanizing black children, 2014)
- A journal article found on the web: Goff P. A., Jackson M. C., Lewis Di Leone B. A., Culotta C. M., DiTomasso N. A. (2014). The Essence of innocence: consequences of dehumanizing black children. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/psp-a0035663.pdf
3. Citing an Article Taken from a Website
- A complete citation of an online article: Anderson S., (2017, February 18). When America imprisoned Japanese Americans. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/stuartanderson/2017/02/18/when-america-imprisoned-japanese-americans/#fe0af537e9b0
- An in-text citation of an online article: (Anderson S., para 1. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/stuartanderson/2017/02/18/when-america-imprisoned-japanese-americans/#fe0af537e9b0
4. Citing an Article Taken from a Magazine
- A complete citation: Cosper, A. (August, 2016). Why we balance passion with reason. Entrepreneur. September 2016 Edition. 10-12
- An in-text citation: (Cosper, 2016)
Citing sources when writing a scientific paper is vital. Otherwise readers won't believe that the information you provide is accurate or realistic. Students should pay very close attention to details. In-text citations are shorter and are different from citations added at the end of a paper. Nevertheless, they're equally important because they guarantee the value of your claims and affirmations.
If you have any doubts, you can use our Free Citation Generator to help you be certain that you have cited a source correctly.