After completing this module, students will be able to: Apply legal and ethical principles to effective leading and managing strategies Analyze personal values and perspectives that form the foundation of ethical practice Overview :Legal and ethical issues make the practice of nursing complex; an effective leader-manager understands pertinent ethical standards and legal requirements in depth, not only to avoid negative consequences, but to ensure fair and just patient care and employee treatment. This week, we will learn about the different types of law that affect us professionally, and the ethical standards that nurse leaders use in their scope of practice and in decision making. Weiss, S. A. & Tappen, R. M. (2015). Essentials of nursing leadership and management (6th ed.). F.A. Davis Company. Read chapters 3 & 4 Additional Resources: Austin, S. (2011). Stay out of court with proper documentation. Nursing 41(4), 24-30. Discussion Question: Read this article: Austin, S. (2011). Stay out of court with proper documentation. Nursing, 41(4), 24-30. Of the four elements that must be proven to determine negligence, do you think that any of them is harder to prove than others? If you have ever come close to committing nursing negligence, what would your advice be for others? If not, have you ever seen someone commit negligence, and if so, what is the lesson in it? If no for each, make up a scenario to share your professional advice. Fortunately, I have never been involved in negligence. The closest situation I encountered was caring for a 45-year-old patient, who had an underling hematological cancer diagnosis. As the night shift RN resuming care from the day shift nurse, report was handed off on this new admission. The patient admission happened after 1700. Because of this the labs resulted after 1830. Reviewing the patient R. labs, the hemoglobin was 6.0 and platelet count was over a thousand. I called the physician and reported the abnormal labs, MD was not concerned, nor did I receive and orders for transfusion. As a nurse we all develop instincts when we know something is not right in our, “gut.”. Within two hours of talking with the physician the patient coded. It took three pages for the physician to return the call. Looking back, I could have called a RAPID RESONSE, maybe this maybe could have prevented this incident. I was an inexperienced nurse. I questioned whether this could have had a different outcome if the critical care team and physician this could have assessed the patient. Choose scenario 1, 2, or 3 in the article. Summarize the lesson to be learned, and what you would have done to avoid the error. Scenario—I chose the medication error. High risk medications are medications such as insulin, digoxin and chemotherapy for a reason. Without the proper checks and balances an error can easily happen and this is why another nurse should verify your dose. Always document who the verifying nurse and each one should calculate the dose separately Your initial posting should be at least 400 words in length and utilize at least one scholarly source other than the textbook.