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1.  Name some issues that could be LULU’s and generate NIMBY’s in the future.

2.  Do you believe that toxic colonialism is ethical and moral?  Why or why not?

3.  Based on this lecture presentation, how would you classify the recent Flint, Michigan, water crisis?  Explain your reasoning.

4.  How should humans interact with the Earth’s plant and animal resources?  Explain your reasoning from one of the 4 philosophies explained in slides #3 and #4.

PHILOSOPHICAL PRINCIPLES AND PERSPECTIVES

ETHICAL PRINCIPLES

A) UNIVERSALISTS: the fundamental principles of ethics are

universal, unchanging and eternal,

REGARDLESS OF THE CIRCUMSTANCES.

B) RELATIVISTS: moral principles are relative to a PARTICULAR

person, society, or situation.

C) NIHILISTS: everything is completely arbitrary; no purpose/

meaning in life; only power, strength, and sheer

survival matter.

D) UTILITARIANS: an action is right if it produces the greatest

amount of good for the greatest number of

people.

RELIGIOUS, CULTURAL, AND MORAL PHILOSOPHIES

A) BIOCENTRISM: all living things are held to be worthy of

respect.

Examples:

Buddhism

Shintoism

Taoism

Shamanism

B) ANTHROPOCENTRISM: humans are masters of the world

with a unique set of rights (e.g., to

control and/or exploit nature).

Examples:

Christianity

Judaism

Islam

C) STEWARDSHIP: the responsibility to care for and manage a

particular place (e.g., partners in nature

rather than masters of it).

Examples:

Christianity

Judaism

Islam

D) ECOFEMINISM: humans relationship to nature should be non-

dominating and non-hierarchical. Ecofeminists

are concerned less with rights, obligations,

ownership, and responsibilities and more with

care, appropriate reciprocity, and kinship. To

ecofeminists, domination, exploitation, and

mistreatment of women, children, minorities,

and nature are connected and reinforcing.

RELIGIOUS, CULTURAL, AND MORAL PHILOSOPHIES (continued)

ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS

ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS are concerned with the moral values and ethical principles demonstrated in the relationships between humans and the environment (e.g., the world around us).

They are often based on the ethical principles and moral philosophies outlined previously and are used to address the next 6 topics.

BASIC DEFINITIONS

ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE

SOCIAL JUSTICE

THE NEXT SIX SLIDES DEFINE IMPORTANT CONCEPTS AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTIST NEEDS TO UNDERSTAND AND WORK TO SOLVE.

ENVIRONMENTAL RACISM

TOXIC COLONIALISM

NIMBY

LULU

ENVIRONMENTAL RACISM

ENVIRONMENTAL RACISM results from decisions that restrict certain people or groups of people to polluted or degraded environments on the basis of race

ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE

ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE recognizes that access to a clean, healthy environment is a fundamental right of all human beings.

SOCIAL JUSTICE

SOCIAL JUSTICE involves equitable access to resources and the benefits derived from them. Social justice provides a system that recognizes inalienable rights and adheres to what is fair, honest and moral.

TOXIC COLONIALISM

TOXIC COLONIALISM describes the behavior of developed nations exporting toxic wastes to poor or developing nations. It is also called GARBAGE IMPERIALISM.

LULU AND NIMBY

LULU stands for locally unwanted land use such as sanitary landfills, toxic waste dumps, airports, etc.

LULUs often lead to NIMBYs which literally stands for “not in my backyard” and are protests against the LULU.

QUIZ ON PHILOSOPHICAL PRINCIPLES AND PERSPECTIVES

1. Name some issues that could be LULU’s and generate NIMBY’s in the future.

2. Do you believe that toxic colonialism is ethical and moral? Why or why not?

3. Based on this lecture presentation, how would you classify the recent Flint, Michigan, water crisis? Explain your reasoning.

4. How should humans interact with the Earth’s plant and animal resources? Explain your reasoning from one of the 4 philosophies explained in slides #3 and #4.

 

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