Essay Question One:
In at least 250 words, discuss the questions of when, why, and how much violence or life-harming action may
be a permissible within your selected moral issue with your specific case or scenario explained (real or
imagined). You must also address the question from a moral philosophical view using at least one moral theory
we’ve studied in this course to support the permissible use of violence or life-harming action. You must define
the basic moral principle in the theory you choose and explain how it relates to the permissible use of harmful
action in the case you’re discussing. Select one of the moral theories or moral philosophies of the person
named for your discussion of this question: Utilitarianism, Immanuel Kant, Natural Law, Human Rights, Peter
Singer, Aristotle, Carol Gilligan (feminist ethics of care), and/or a specific Religious based ethic. You may bring
your own personal experience into the essay but be sure you answer the exam questions in what you discuss.
This essay is not just about your opinion on the use of violence but about moral theories that address it.
Context and background for the essay is same definitions and background as given above in preface to the
first essay question.
Essay Question Two:
In at least 250 words, discuss a counter position against the use of morally permissible violence or life-harming
action in which you use a different moral theory from the one used in the pro-position (question 1). You must
define the basic moral principle of the counter moral theory and explain why it rejects any permissible use of
violence or life-harming action in the case you’re discussing (it can be the same issue or a different one from
your first answer). The choices for the moral theory or moral philosopher you will discuss in your contrary
discussion on the question of a permissible moral use of violence or life-harming actions are: Utilitarianism,
Immanuel Kant, Natural Law, Human Rights, Peter Singer, Aristotle, Carol Gilligan (feminist ethics of care),
and/or a specific Religious based ethics. Conclude this discussion with a statement of your own moral view for
or against, about the case you’ve presented regarding a morally permissible use of violence or life-harming
action and explain what is your moral rationale and whether it matches up with one of the moral theories
studied in the course, or if it rests on some other moral position and perspective. And if so, how would you
explain the moral principle behind your position.
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