Theda Skocpol is a proponent of the “institutionalist” approach to studying social policies. Briefly, what constitutes this approach and what advantages does it claim over other theoretical approaches?
In the readings and lectures we’ve see that the present welfare state, as such, was not possible in the U.S. Until the emergence of a “modern state?” why not? Explain.
In the period before the New Deal, the U.S lacked programmatic social policies based in executive branch agencies or Departments. Why were pensions for veterans acceptable to Republican (and to a lesser degree Democratic) Party leaders according to Skocpol?
From the lectures, what are the differences between distributive and re-distributive policies? How can these concepts be applied to the development of civil war pensions as compared to the GI Bill during World War II?
What accounts for the relative weakness of labor in the U.S (compared to Britain) in affecting the development of social policies in the late 19th and early 20th centuries according to Skocpol.
What role did gender play in the origins of Progressive Era “mother’s pensions” according to Skocpol? Why did Britain develop different policy traditions during the same time period?
What is the difference between universal and targeted policies? Provide an example of each and elaborate.
How did the First and Second New Deal differ according to the lectures?
Why were blacks less likely to be covered by universal policies in the Social Security Act of 1935? Explain.
What were the basic principles of Keynesian economic theory? How was it used as a response to the Great Depression? In terms of policy developments, why did “military Keynesianism” flourish in the U.S, rather than “social Keynesianism?”
What was the “Great Society”. Why do Piven and Cloward argue that protest was important in its development? How did this affect the kinds of policies that were developed? Explain.
From the lecture, how did the Personal Responsibility Act of 1996 reform welfare?” What could Edin and Lein’s research on welfare of the same time period, pointed out about the possible flaws in that legislation?
Why does Sharon Hays think that the personal Responsibility Act of 1996 “can ultimately be understood as a social experiment in legislating family values and the work ethic” Explain.
According to Hays why are women consistently frustrated in their efforts to develop “self-sufficiency”ub fulfilling the requirements of the “work plan” expected by the welfare reform policies?
15. Hays points out that the “costs of subsidizing childcare for the poor far outstrips the state and federal costs of paying a welfare mother to raise her own children.” Why does this cause a problem for women on welfare as potential workers? As mother? Explain.
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